Gastroesophageal reflux disease is considered a common disease in the general population of Western countries. The present study was conducted to assess the risk factors of GERD in patients.
Materials and methods: The present study was conducted on 216 patients. A questionnaire was designed and all the subjects were advised to respond to it. Data such as type of analgesics used, number of meals per day, most types of food, most types of drinks, smoking, family history of GERD was recorded.
Results: Out of 216 patients, males were 102 and females were 114. The risk factors were spicy food in 167, tea use 180, more than 3 meals a day in 57, analgesic use in 45, salt use 128 and intake of fiber free diet in 157 patients. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found that the risk factors for GERD was spicy food, tea use, more than 3 meals a day, analgesic use, salt use and intake of fiber free diet.