Background: The present study was conducted to assess the cases of tetany in adult population of both genders.
Materials and methods: The present study was conducted on 78 cases of tetany of both genders. A thorough clinical examination was performed in patients.
Results: Out of 78 patients, males were 48 and females were 30. Clinical features in patients were cramps in 56, paresthesia of hand and feet in 48, laryngeal stridor in 49, carpopedal spasm in 70, circumoral numbness in 52 and muscle twitching in 67. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). Reason of tetany was recurrent vomiting seen in 26, Bartter’ syndrome in 15, anxiety hyperventilation in 10, vitamin deficiency in 12, acute pancreatitis in 5, idiopathic hyperparathyroidism in 3 and hypomagnesaemia in 2. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found that reason of tetany was recurrent vomiting, Bartter’ syndrome, anxiety hyperventilation, vitamin deficiency, acute pancreatitis, idiopathic hyperparathyroidism and hypomagnesaemia.