Diabetes Mellitus and Thyroid Disease are common endocrine disorders in the general population. There is a definite relationship between thyroid dysfunction and diabetes, seems to indicate a higher occurrence of thyroid dysfunction among diabetes when compared with general population. there are several implications for patients with diabetes and thyroid dysfunction. The presence of thyroid dysfunction may affect diabetes control. Hyperthyroidism is typically associated with worsening glycemic control and increased insulin requirements.
Aims and Objective: Relation between duration of type II Diabetes with the Thyroid status (FT3, FT4 and TSH) in Diabetes Mellitus patients.
Materials and Methods: The present study was carried out in Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences, Anwarpur, Hapur. The study was an open randomized comparative study. The study was conducted from April 2019 to October 2019 and Ethical clearance from Institutional Ethical Committee was obtained. A total of 150 patients are categorized into two groups, GROUP I: 50 non diabetic patients as controls. GROUP II: 100 patients with diabetes mellitus.
Result: Our study shows that in a sample of 100 diabetic cases, the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was 34% (34 out of 100 cases). Out of 34% cases – 18% were subclinical hypothyroidism, 12% hypothyroidism and 4% hyperthyroidism cases.
Conclusion: Detection of abnormal thyroid hormone levels in addition to other biochemical variables in the early stage of diabetes will help patients improve their health and reduce their morbidity rate.