Abstract: Background & Objectives:
India is on its march towards having the most number of diabetics worldwide and is aptly called the „diabetic capital‟ of the world. Limited information on the problem of diabetes in rural area has necessitated the need for this study to find the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and the risk factors associated with it along with the compliance in known diabetics.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted was conducted in Guntur, a rural field practice area of Katuri Medical College, Guntur during 1st January 2017 to 31st October 2018. A quick enumeration survey was done to identify the 6,992 participants aged 20 years and above of whom a sample of 1364 respondents were selected by systematic random sampling and were evaluated for diabetes, its risk factors and compliance.
Results: Present study revealed the prevalence of diabetes as 6.52%. Diabetes was found to be significantly associated with increasing age in both the genders, in employed respondents, vegetarians, smokers, positive family history of diabetes, higher BMI, central obesity and among hypertensives. Only 39.76% diabetics knew their diabetic status and the overall compliance of diabetes were found to be 13.48%.
Interpretation & Conclusion: Higher prevalence of diabetes similar to Indian average found in this village along with very poor compliance of diabetes is a matter of concern and has to be addressed in this economically backward villages of rural area by regular screening and motivation to modify the risk factors responsible and improve the compliance to reduce the possible complications of the disease.