Background: The metabolic syndrome is characterized by clustering of various interlinked risk factors such as abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, pro inflammatory state, and a prothrombotic state. The present study was conducted to assess MetS among known population.
Materials & Methods: 280 subjects of metabolic syndrome (MetS) of both genders age ranged from 20-70 years were included. Body mass index (BMI), hip circumference (HC), waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure, fasting blood glucose (FBG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL- C), and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) were estimated.
Results: The mean BMI (Kg/m2) in males was 50.3 and in females was 48.1, SBP (mm Hg) was 128.4 in males and 126.4 in females, DBP (mm Hg) was 84.2 in males and 80.4 in females, TG (mg/dl) was 146.2 in males and 132.2 in females, cholesterol (mg/dl) was 185.2 in males and 186.2 in females, HDL-C (mg/dl) was 40.8 in males and 43.6 in females, LDL-C (mg/dl) was 118.2 in males and 116.0 in females and FBS (mg/dl) was 102.4 in males and 98.4 in females. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). Age >40 years had 3.4 times, BMI (>25 Kg/m2) had 4.6 times, cholesterol (>200mg/dl) had 1.5 times, hypertension had 2.31 times and diabetes had 5.39 times risk of metabolic syndrome.
Conclusion: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors was high among male adults.