Smoking is strongly associated with coronary heart disease, many patients continue or resume smoking after being diagnosed with coronary heart disease. The present study was conducted to assess the outcomes of smoking cessation after ischemic heart diseases.
Materials and Methods: 76 smokers who had stroke of both genders was divided into 2 groups. Group I was quitted smokers and group II was present/continued smokers. The subjects were followed for 1 year at the interval of 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Risk of outcomes for stroke, MI, and mortality depending on the smoking state was recorded.
Results: Group I had 23 males and 15 females and group II had 24 males and 14 females. Outcome at baseline in group I and group II was MI seen in 35% and 34%, at 3 months in 38% and 35%, at 6 months was 40% and 37% and at 12 months in 41% and 48%. Stroke at baseline in 16% and 13%, at 3 months in 18.4% and 15%, at 6 months in 20.6% and 20.7% and at 12 months in 21.4% and 27.5%. At baseline was death seen in 10% and 14%, at 3 months in 13% and 19% and at 6 months in 17.5% and 21% and at 12 months in 19% and 24% in group I and II respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Smoking cessation has positive outcomes in subjects after ischemic heart diseases in terms of reduced risk of developing future diseases like MI and stroke significantly.