International Journal of Advanced Community Medicine
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International Journal of Advanced Community Medicine
Vol. 6, Issue 1, Part A (2023)

Comparative study of obstetric outcomes between women on health insurance scheme and women on out of pocket payment

Author(s): Ade-Ojo IP, Atiba BP, Dr. Olofinbiyi BA, Adeniyi OO, Olofinbiyi RO, Okunola TO, Adefisan AS, Adeyanju BT, Adelekan OE, Ajibare AJ, Ibiyemi SA and Fasakin KA
Abstract: Background: Payment methods for healthcare services in a country impact the health status of its people and the health indices of the nation. Research findings have shown that care received and obstetric outcomes of women seeking natal care and their newborns are affected by their health insurance status.
Objective:Comparative study of obstetric outcomes between women on health insurance scheme and women on out -of- pocket payment.
Materials and Methods: The study was a prospective observational one involving1655 women who delivered during the period of the study, out of which 33 were on health insurance and 1622 paid out of pocket for their delivery and care. The study compared the obstetric outcomes between women on health insurance and those who pay out of pocket for obstetric care services. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 was used for the data analysis. Univariate association between mode of payment and obstetric outcomes was explored using Pearson’s chi-square test with statistical significance, p-value set at p<0.05.
Results: Both the employed (66.7% vs 33.3%) and unemployed (77.1% vs 22.9%) had preponderance for the use of health insurance. There was statistical significance between ethnicity (p=0.03), marital status (p<0.001) and mode of payment. Among those who had preeclampsia, 20% had health insurance while 80% paid out of pocket. All the women (100%) who had intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) were on health insurance while 76.2% of those who did not have IUGR made use of OOP, with statistical significance (p=0.01). The special care baby unit (SCBU) admission for babies of mothers on health insurance was 9.1% compared to 17.2% of those on out of pocket payments. Babies whose mothers made out of pocket payments suffered early neonatal death (END) compared to none among the babies of those that were insured.
Conclusion: The study concluded that out of pocket payment by pregnant women leads to poor obstetric and fetal outcomes.
Pages: 28-32  |  278 Views  89 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Ade-Ojo IP, Atiba BP, Dr. Olofinbiyi BA, Adeniyi OO, Olofinbiyi RO, Okunola TO, Adefisan AS, Adeyanju BT, Adelekan OE, Ajibare AJ, Ibiyemi SA, Fasakin KA. Comparative study of obstetric outcomes between women on health insurance scheme and women on out of pocket payment. Int J Adv Community Med 2023;6(1):28-32. DOI: 10.33545/comed.2023.v6.i1a.253
International Journal of Advanced Community Medicine

International Journal of Advanced Community Medicine


International Journal of Advanced Community Medicine
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