Background: Sleep regulates a huge variety of physical and mental processes sleep plays prime role in cardiovascular health, metabolism, and immune response and against risk for cancer. Change in sleep patterns along with inadequate and poor quality of sleep are common complaints identified among health care workers. It influences their quality of life and productivity. This study evaluates the sleep quality and pattern among health care workers and factors affecting the quality of sleep among them.
Materials and Methods: A health care centre based cross-sectional study was conducted in South Kerala, among medical and paramedical workers. Data was collected from 85 healthcare workers using a semi-structured, pre-tested, pre-designed, interviewer-administered questionnaire where Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) was used to assess the sleep quality and pattern. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software, version26.0 (trial).Qualitative data were summarized using frequency and percentages and Quantitative data using means and standard deviations.
Results: According to Global Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) checklist, a majority of 72.9% of the study participants had good sleep in the past one month. It was observed that gender, hours of work, night shifts of duty and hours of sleep were significantly associated with quality of sleep
Conclusion: By addressing the various determinants of poor sleep quality and through tackling the underlying health conditions affecting sleep, a considerable improvement in sleep quality can be achieved.